Evangelizing through the Catholic Arts

Change for the Better

Temperance 3

Exercising the “muscles” of Temperance enables a person to master one’s will, or in this situation, what we commonly refer to as having willpower. With the grace of Temperance, we gain control over our impulses and desires resulting in a healthy balance to our lives. Saint Thomas Aquinas stated it best when he said:

Now all the pleasurable objects that are at man’s disposal are directed to some necessity of this life as to their end. Wherefore temperance takes the need of this life, as the rule of the pleasurable objects of which it makes use, and uses them only for as much as the need of this life requires. 1

We remove the excess usage, and bring balance back Continue reading

What is Temperance?

Temperance 1

What is Temperance and how does it fit into our lives? Temperance is a cardinal virtue responsible for moderating our attraction to pleasure. It also provides us with balance in using things. Oh, how I have prayed for Temperance in times of stress, when I resort to comfort food! When we feed the stresses and emptiness in our life with food, sex, work, or an over indulgence of anything to excess, we lack the “muscles” of temperance. However, when we apply the virtue of Temperance to our lives, we direct our appetites toward what is good and maintain a healthy, balanced lifestyle.

When you are on a weight loss program, and you begin to see the fruits of your efforts Continue reading

Prudence’s Principle Workings – Part III of III

command of action

How does ‘command’ work regarding Prudence’s Principle Workings? To command is to act upon good counsel and good judgment; therefore, Prudence gives judgment its authoritative value. However, if we fail to listen to good counsel, or discount good judgment, then our actions will be imprudent. Let’s go back to that bowl of ice cream, or slice of pizza. We all know that they taste good; however, they are not the healthiest of choices. Our counsel tells us that. We look for ways to discount good judgment by telling ourselves that one bowl or one slice won’t hurt us that much. That’s using faulty judgment, which culminates in the command to act imprudently. However, if we apply good counsel and good Continue reading

Prudence’s Principle Workings – Part II of III

Judgment 2

How does judgment come into play in the prudent decision making process? Once counsel has advised the conscience, then judgment is made for an action. Judgment takes into consideration the intention and the circumstance of the act itself. In the example that we used in our last reflection of deciding whether to eat a healthy item or an unhealthy item, the prudent person would opt for a healthier item based upon the judgment that the healthier item was better suited for maintaining good health. In judging, the prudent person uses a right mind with an end goal of good health in mind to decide on the healthier item rather than the bowl of ice cream or the slice of pizza. Continue reading

Prudence’s Principle Workings – Part I of III


What are Prudence’s principle workings? Prudence assists the individual in making a decision by using counsel, judgment and command. Today we will discuss counsel in detail, and cover judgment and command in the next two reflections respectively.

As noted in the Prudence at Work reflection, three things are considered with every decision: the act itself, the intention and the circumstances. Counsel addresses the means to the end (or the intention) and the circumstances. Counsel provides the conscience with advice as to whether or not the means to the desired end is morally appropriate. Saint Thomas Aquinas refers to the use of counsel as an act of inquiry, where the conscience solicits the advice of counsel in the decision-making process.1 Continue reading

Prudence’s Impact


Prudence quote

How does Prudence impact my life? Since it is Prudence that guides the conscience in determining the true good via a determination of appropriate versus inappropriate actions, it is Prudence that provides norms for behavior. Prudence is innate in the sense that God gifted us with the capacity to understand good versus evil, right versus wrong, but Prudence is also a practiced virtue, learned through life’s experience. Let’s take an example:

Innately, God gave you the gift of self-preservation; to not harm yourself. Through Natural Law you have an awareness of life, especially your own. You would never voluntarily stop breathing because you innately know that you need air to survive. So, an innate prudent action is to breathe; Continue reading

Now on Pinterest too!


I just wanted to let everyone know that I have opened an account on Pinterest under virginialieto.com.

Easiest way to access my boards on Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/virginialieto/

I will be exporting “excerpts” of my thrice weekly posts to Pinterest. I created boards for the virtues of Faith, Hope, Charity and Prudence to date. As we cover additional virtues, I will create more boards.

I also have  a board called “Inspiration” which provides uplifting quotes related to the virtues. You won’t find these quotes on the website or on Facebook for the most part because they are designed for pinning to a board (no article written by me is attached).

I also have a board dedicated to children’s books to encourage Continue reading